A Guide to New Zealand Baby Food and Powders

Also called infant food, baby milk or baby formula

Cow’s milk-based formula


Most baby formula milks are based on cow's milk, which is modified to resemble breastmilk as closely as possible. Manufacturers modify cow's milk for babies by adjusting carbohydrate, protein, and fat levels and adding vitamins and minerals. There are also special types of formula manufactured for premature babies.

The protein in milk can be broken down into curds (casein) and whey. The ratio of casein to whey can vary according to the type of baby formula milk. There are two main types:
    •    First-stage formula. These milks consist of mostly whey, with a casein:whey ratio of 40:60, which is about the same as breastmilk. They are suitable for your baby from birth up to about a year, and are thought to be easier to digest. 
    •    Second-stage formula. These milks consist of mostly casein, with a casein:whey ratio of 80:20. They take longer to digest and are often promoted as being for hungrier babies.
Nutritionally, your baby will only need first-stage formula, although you may decide to move your baby onto second-stage formula as she grows.

Be cautious when changing your baby’s milk. Switching from first to second-stage milk too early can give your baby constipation. Although many milk manufacturers market their second-stage milk as suitable from birth, it’s best to wait until your baby is at least four weeks old. If your baby doesn’t seem content with the formula you first started her on, talk to your health visitor before changing formulas.

When your baby’s a year old, you can move her on from first or second-stage formula to cow's milk. Cow’s milk is not recommended as a main drink for babies under the age of one because it’s low in iron and vitamin C. But you can use small amounts in cooking for your baby when she’s started solids, or on her breakfast cereal.

 

牛奶为基础的公式

 



大多数婴儿配方奶牛奶,这是修改,以尽可能地母乳的基础上制造商修改牛奶的婴儿通过调节碳水化合物,蛋白质和脂肪含量添加维生素和矿物质也有一些特殊类型的配方生产的早产儿

牛奶中的蛋白质可以被分解成凝乳(酪蛋白)和乳清酪蛋白与乳清的比例可以根据不同类型的婴儿配方奶粉主要有两种类型
    第一阶段配方这些奶包括主要乳清酪蛋白:乳清比例为40:60,这是大约相同母乳他们适合宝宝从出生到一年左右被认为是更容易消化
    第二阶段配方这些奶包括多为酪蛋白酪蛋白:乳清比例为80:20他们需要更长的时间来消化,往往晋升有饥饿感的婴儿
营养,你的宝宝只需要第一阶段的配方虽然你可能会决定将您的宝宝第二阶段配方奶粉因为她的成长

改变宝宝的牛奶时一定要小心第一第二阶段的奶粉切换太早了可以给宝宝便秘虽然很多奶粉厂商推销他们的第二阶段奶粉适合从出生,这是最好的等到你的宝宝是至少四个星期如果你的宝宝似乎没有内容你第一次开始了她的公式,谈谈您的健康访客,然后再更改公式

当你的宝宝一岁多,可以第一或第二阶段配方的牛奶牛奶作为主要饮料一岁以下的婴儿不推荐因为它的低和维生素C。但是你可以用少量为您的宝宝开始固体在她的早餐谷物在烹调